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What is The Holy Quran

Quran it comes from the Arabic root "qa-ra-'a" and it means "recitation (read)" The Quran is the direct word of Allah and it does not contain a single letter from anyone, even Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). The Quran was revealed in pure Arabic to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) over a period of 23 years (22-years, 5-months and 14-days) first revelation in 610 C. E.in Makkah and last revelation in 632 C. E. in Madina. In the first 13-years 28 surahs (chapters) was revealed to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) in Makkah and in the next 10-years 86 surahs (chapters) revealed to him in Madina.

Quran is comprised of 114 surahs (chapters) of unequal size. Each surah consists of ayahs (verses) and there are a total of about 6,236 ayahs in the entire Quran. Quran is divided into 30 even parts called juz and each juz is further divided into 4 smaller equal groups called hizb.

قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الْإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَن يَأْتُواْ بِمِثْلِ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنِ لاَ يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا

Say: If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support.

(Surah Al-Isra 17:88)

The Quran has not changed by even an letter since its revelation fourteen centuries ago. Allah (SWT) has promised in the Quran that He will preserve it to the end of time.

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ

We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption).

(Surah Al-Hijr 15:9)

The First Revelation

Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) at age 40, in the month of Ramadan he received his first revelation from GOD. While he was alone in the cave (mountain Hira near Makkah), an Angle came to him and said "Recite!". The Prophet said 'I am not a reciter". The Angle took him, embraced him forcefully and said "Recite!". The Prophet again said "I am not a reciter." He did this again and The Prophet said "I am not a reciter." Then the Angle said:

   اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ 

Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created

خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ

Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood

اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ

Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,

الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ

He Who taught (the use of) the pen,

عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

Taught man that which he knew not.

(Surah Al-Alaq 96:1-5)

He recited these words after the Angel, who thereupon left him. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) left the cave and when he was half-way down the slope of the mountain he heard a voice above him saying: "O Mohammad, thou art the Messenger of GOD, and I am Gabriel (Jibril)." Prophet raised his eyes up, and saw an Angel Gabriel (Jibril), filling the whole horizon. The Prophet stood looking at the Angel Gabriel (Jibril); then he turned away from him, but whichever way he looked the Angel Gabriel (Jibril) was always there. Finally the Angel Gabriel (Jibril) turned away, and the Prophet descended the slope and went to his house.